My previous post on post Medieval pottery which I will call Part One, was all about The Royal Worcester Porcelain (The early years) these wares now antiques are highly collectable and as previously stated there are still bargains to be had out there once you know what to look for.
This post is about another of my favorite pottery manufacturers that of ” Wedgwood ”
JOSIAH WEDGWOOD ( The early years )
In 1752 Josiah set up his own business but two years later at the age of 24, he was taken into partnership by Thomas Wieldon. Around this time Josiah decided something new was needed to add a little spirit to the business, which is why Wieldon was agreeable to enter into the partnership with so younger man. Wedgwood and Wieldon began their research into glazes, and in 1759 a greatly improved green glaze was produced, followed a year later by a clear yellow one..
The partnership ended in 1759 and Wedgwood set up his own business again at the Ivy House Works in Burslem. moving five years later to the Brick House, Burslem. Before this it is difficult to distinguish those of Wieldon, for he made the same range of wares, including jugs and teapots modeled in the form of pineapples and cauliflowers embellished with his green and yellow glazes..
Wedgwood Green Glaze Teapot c 1759
Wedgewood Cauliflower Teapot.
By 1762 Josiah Wedgwood was so confident in his ability to produce colored wares, that he presented a breakfast set to Queen Charlotte, and in 1765 referred to his cream ware as “Queens Ware ”
A collection of Wedgwood pierced Cream Wares. 1780-1800
1768 The merchant Bentley became his partner manufacturing decorative items that were primarily unglazed stone wares in various colors, produced and decorated in the style of Neoclassicism. Among these wares were the popular black basalts which by special painting using pigments, mixed with hot wax which burnt in as an inlay, thus could be used to imitate Greek and red-figured vases. Wedgwood’s Jasper ware a fine grained vitreous body resulting from the high firing of paste containing barium sulphate was also produced. In 1771 Wedgwood built a factory called Etruria where he produced his ornamental vases.
Jasper ware was made of white stoneware clay that had been colored by the addition of metal oxides and ornamented with white relief portraits or Greek Classical scenes.
Two beautiful Jasper ware wine-water ewers. about 1785.
Wedgwood Black Basalt a hard black stone-like material was used for
vases, candlesticks, teapots, jugs and busts of historical figures.
Wedgwood’s famous Portland Vase.
Jasper’s introduction in 1775 was followed by other wares such as: – rosso antico ( red porcelain) cane, and olive wares.
For those of you wishing to collect early Wedgwood here are a few pottery marks to refer to.
Note:- true Wedgwood is not spelt with an e in the middle.
For those of you wishing to collect early Wedgwood I hope this post will help to identify the piece you may spot at maybe a car boot sale or an Antique shop or even at a market stall…….It has been known.
Watch this space for more about Post Medieval pottery.
Many of Josiah Wedgwood’s designs are still being produced today.