Monthly Archives: March 2015

The Most Complete Ancient Discovery.

Archaeologists have recently discovered the most complete ancient crossbow to date in the terracotta army pit in Xi’an, Shaanxi province. Among hundreds of pieces of crossbows unearthed in the past, this one is said to be the best preserved in general, with 145 cm arch and 130 cm bow string. The bow string has a smooth surface which experts believe to be made of animal tendon instead of fabric and the trigger mechanism is made of bronze, according to Shen  Maosheng, head of the archaeological team.

Crossbow Terracotta Army

The-Terracotta-Warriors 2

Shen also points out that this new discovery sheds light on how Qing, two wooden sticks usually discovered alongside the weapon, were used to maintain and transport the crossbows in ancient times. Although ancient documents often mention Qing, its function had never been clearly identified until this recent discovery

When the sticks were dusted off three holes were found equidistant from each other, and it was concluded that they were probably used to hang up ropes that were fastened to the crossbows when they were not in use. It was a great way to keep the arch and string in shape and thus maintaining their power in the long run, “Shen said. Besides, Qing was practical to help fix the crossbows during transportation.” .

The best crossbows ‘ shooting range could double that of an AK 47, reaching almost 8oo m, Yuan Zhongyi  former curator of Museum of Qin Terra -cotta Warriors explained.

Terra-cotta Army with crossbow in view

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Posted by on March 25, 2015 in Uncategorized


An Archaeologist’s Thoroughly Researched Translation of Pylos Tablet 64l-1952 (Ventris)

Burnt from Legs up Pylos 64l Ventris Correction

This Minoan Linear B Tablet PY 64l is by far the most difficult one I have had to translate. It was the first ever Linear B tablet which Michael  Ventris  deciphered in 1952.

I was in my teen years then and knew nothing of his great achievement and in fact nothing about the Linear B Ancient script writings whatsoever.

I am aware that many scholars have translated this tablet such as the archaeologist Carl Blegan, and also Prof. John Chadwick, who assigned the first range of standard values to ideograms for the vessels on Linear B tablet 64l. Ref: Chadwick, John .The Decipherment of Linear B ( 2nd edition) London: Cambridge University Press 1970. ISBN 117


Aigeus a worker is making tripods of the Cretan style.

Tripod Cooking pot fro Knossos. Courtesy The Ashmolean Museum  Tripod Cooking pot from Knossos.

There are 2 tripods with three legs and two handles

l Tripod with a single handle on one foot..

l Tripod with the legs burnt from the legs up.

3 Big pots with two handles,

2 Big pots with three handles,

l Smaller pot with four handles

l Small type of cup/goblet with three handles

l Small type of cup/goblet without handles

NOTE:-  Please go to my Linear B  Teacher;s blog to see more of my work and conclusion of this Tablet. Also  comments with my results 98% from my teacher Richard Vallance.



Posted by on March 13, 2015 in Uncategorized


The Prince of Lilies (Sonnet) Knossos Fresco 1500 BCE

The Prince of Lilies (Sonnet) Knossos Fresco 1500 BCE.

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Posted by on March 9, 2015 in Uncategorized


A Sonnet for Linear B

I found this SONNET written by a Graduate Student archaeologist while she was visiting the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford  I think she was supposed to be writing some essays, and included this Sonnet, which I find rather appropriate seeing that I am studying Linear B. Her name is Sarah Hawley.  Thank you Sarah !.


The Pylos archives bring me to my knees

The pinnacle of pinacology

I have no life, you say; I don’t agree

I have no friends, but I have Linear B

Oh, Tn 316 can thrill me more:

The human sacrifice; a hasty plea

Your text meant naught, alas Hand 44-

All kingdoms fade to dust eventually

The po-ro-ko-re-te (Vice  Governor ) wants fifty sheep-

Such poetry sends joy throughout my soul !

Redistribution haunts me in my sleep-

Obsession, yes, my passion takes its toll

I welcome scorn, for desperate as I seem,

I much prefer my Mycenaean dream.

I wonder what Sarah’s dream was



Posted by on March 2, 2015 in Uncategorized

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