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Minoan Civilization Knossos reveals more treasures.

31 Dec

The greatness of Knossos grows as new evidence suggests that an ancient Aegean city not only recovered but also flourished following the collapse of the Bronze Age.

The latest discoveries on Crete at the site of the ancient city of Knossos suggest that the capitol of Minoan Civilization was far larger than previously thought.knossos-archaeological-site

Scientists already knew that Knossos was Europe’s oldest city and ruled over the massive trade empire during the Bronze Age, nevertheless, new evidence shows that the Minoans may have actually survived into the Iron Age.

Europe’s oldest city, the majestic site of the Bronze Age, was the seat of power of the mythological King Minos as attested by the Linear B tablets discovered by Sir Arthur Evans while excavating the site in 1900.   The Minoan civilization is widely acclaimed as the birthplace for all western civilization and, when the mainland Greeks came out of the Stone Age, the Minoans managed a maritime empire across the entire Mediterranean basin and beyond.

Even though the ancient city was previously thought to have perished around 1200 B.C. after the volcanic eruption of Thera on Santorini , new artifacts discovered by a team led by a University of Cincinnati assistant professor of classics, Antonis Kotsonas suggest that it was much larger and richer than was previously thought. Professor Kotsonas recent fieldwork at the ancient city of Knossos finds that during the early Iron Age (ll00-600 B.C.) the city was rich in imports and was nearly three times larger than was believed from earlier excavations

The discovery suggests that not only did this spectacular site in the Greek Bronze Age (between 3500 and 1100 B.C. recover from the collapse of the social-political system around 1200 B.C., but also rapidly grew and thrived as a cosmopolitan hub of the Aegean and Mediterranean regions. Antonis Kotsonas,a University of Cincinnati assistant professor of classics, will highlight his field research with the Knossos Urban Landscape Project at the 117th annual meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America and Society for Classical Studies. The meeting takes place Jan 7-10 in San Francisco.

The Knossos Urban  Landscape Project over the past decade has recovered a large collection of ceramics and artifacts dating back to the Iron Age. The relics were spread over an extensive area that was previously unexplored. Professor Kotsonas says that this exploration revealed considerable growth in the size of the settlement during the early Iron Age and also growth in the quantity and quality of its imports coming from mainland Greece, Cyprus, the Near East, Egypt, Italy, Sardinia and the western Mediterranean.” No other site in the Aegean period has such a range of imports,” Kotsonas says. The imports include bronze and other metals-jewelry and adornments, as well as pottery. He adds that the majority of the materials, recovered from tombs, provide a glimpse of the wealth in the community, because status symbols were buried with the dead  during this period.

BELOW are some images of  beautiful Minoan jewelry.

minoan-gold-ring-isopata-cemetary-nr-knossos

Minoan gold ring from Isopata tomb Nr Knossos.

minoan-gold-necklaces-from-mochlos

 

Minoan gold necklaces from Mochlos Crete

minoan-jewelry-form-of-bee-found-at-cemetary-chrysolakkos-malia

Minoan bee jewelry from cemetery Chrysolakkos outside Malia Palace.

minoan-gold-openwork-earring-1100-b-c

 

Minoan gold openwork earring ll00 B.C.

minoan-gold-ring-showing-worshippers

Minoan gold ring showing worshippers. This is my favourite.Such intricate work.

a-complete-set-of-gold-pieces-covering-a-childs-body-mycenae

Although not jewelry I could not resist this complete set of gold pieces that covered a child’s body found at Mycenae.

The antiquities were collected from fields covering the remains of dwellings and cemeteries. ” Distinguishing between domestic and burial contexts is essential for determining the size of the settlement and understanding the demographic, social-political and economic development of the local community,” explains professor Kotsonas. ” Even at the early stage in detailed analysis, it appears that this was a nucleated, rather densely occupied settlement extending over the core of the Knossos valley, from at least the east slopes of the acropolis hill on the west to the Kairatos River, and from the Vlychia stream on the south until roughly midway between the Minoan palace and the Kephala hill”.

Research Partnership

Kotsonas’ Jan 9th presentation is part of a colloquium themed,’Long – Term Urban Dynamics at Knossos: The Knossos Urban Landscape Project 2005-2015,” Professor Kotsonas serves as a consultant on the project which is dedicated to intensively surveying the Knossos valley and documenting the development of the site from7000 B.C, to the early 20th century. The project is a research partnership between the Greek Archaeological Service.

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8 Comments

Posted by on December 31, 2016 in Uncategorized

 

8 responses to “Minoan Civilization Knossos reveals more treasures.

  1. cav12

    January 3, 2017 at 3:19 am

    I’d love to go but it is a bit far!

    Liked by 1 person

     
  2. ritaroberts

    January 3, 2017 at 1:35 pm

    I know the feeling Cav 12 There are places from here where I want to go but too far and too expensive. By the way what s your name ?

    Like

     
  3. vallance22

    January 6, 2017 at 12:20 pm

    Reblogged this on Minoan Linear A, Linear B, Knossos & Mycenae and commented:
    Fantastic news!

    Liked by 1 person

     
  4. Linnea Tanner

    January 30, 2017 at 5:13 pm

    Hi Rita,

    The photographs of the Minoan jewelry is absolutely stunning. This culture continues to amaze me.

    Like

     
  5. Linnea Tanner

    January 30, 2017 at 5:20 pm

    Reblogged this on Apollo's Raven and commented:
    The following is a reblog from Ritaroberts’ blog posted on December 31, 2016. New discoveries suggests that the Minoan Civilization Knossos recovered from the collapse of the social-political system around 1200 B.C., but also rapidly grew and thrived as a cosmopolitan hub of the Aegean and Mediterranean region.The photographs of the Minoan jewelry is absolutely fascinating. It continues to fascinate me how new archaeological finds change our perception of history.

    Please enjoy.

    Liked by 1 person

     
    • ritaroberts

      January 30, 2017 at 6:01 pm

      Thanks for your nice comments and the re-blog Linnea. I also love the Minoan jewelry. Matter of fact I love the whole Minoan and Mycenaean civilization. It is so fascinating..

      Liked by 1 person

       
  6. Aquileana

    February 24, 2017 at 11:05 pm

    An excellent post, dear Rita… Such amazing findings which important corollaries from the political, economical and social point of view concerning the Minoans… Best wishes! 😀

    Like

     
  7. ritaroberts

    February 25, 2017 at 8:25 am

    So pleased you enjoyed this post Aquileana. And there is surely more to come don’t you think ?

    Like

     

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