Monthly Archives: February 2019

The Little Antique Box


The Pill Box

Because many of us today are reliant on medication for different types of ailments, we are frequently given, by our medical practitioner tablets  to help alleviate the problem I thought the Little Pill Box of times gone by of interest as they are not only pretty but also a collectors item. They are sometimes confused with snuff boxes which I will come to later, and were popular during the 18th and 19th century and a little larger than the pill box, but either way they are still collectable and the value varies depending what material the said box is made from. The artisan however, would have used whatever material was at hand. Wood was the first material used for these boxes to hold pills along with animal bones, ivory and different metals such as tin ,copper and gold as well as jade Some were of silver, others were enameled and displayed beautiful painted scenes. These pretty little boxes were made to keep on the bedside table, some of them were small enough to be carried in the ladies purse. Some of these pill boxes featured embossed figurines or mosaics, some were shaped to represent a book or a ladies shoe and many other different shapes.

Pills and tablets to help cure us of our ills have been around since ancient times, historians calculate at least back to 1,500 BC, offering precise dosages, portability ,easy administration and a minimum of discomfort that other methods of treatment do not. Before this, herbs and other elements were simply added to whatever the patient was drinking. Crude pills were first made by incorporating the same medicinals in something sticky, such as small, rounded blobs of honey, dough or grease. The Greeks called them katapotia or ” things to swallow,” but the Roman Pliny gave us a modern term: pilula .Hand manufacturing of modern pills began in the 1830’s when gelatin pills were invented. Below are some examples of the beautiful little pill boxes. I think you will agree they are much more attractive than the modern day plastic pill boxes.  This paragraph  Courtesy Roger Morris.




Pill box 19th century French Enamel and gold.

Pill box Italian silver

Pill box Vienna porcelain 19th century


Snuff is a smokeless tobacco made from pulverized tobacco leaves. It is inhaled or “snuffed” into the nasal cavity, delivering a swift intake of nicotine and a lasting flavoured scent (especially if flavouring has been blended with the tobacco). Snuff originated in the Americas and was in common use in Europe by the 17th century. Traditional snuff production consists of a lengthy, multi-step process in tobacco mills. The selected tobacco leaves are first subject to special tobacco curing or fermentation processes, where they will later provide the individual characteristics and flavour for each type of snuff blend. Snuff is usually scented or flavoured, with many blends of snuff, requiring months or even years of special tobacco leaves considered original “fine snuff” without any addition of scents or essences. Varieties of spice, piquant, fruit, floral and mentholated (also called “medicated”) soon followed, either pure or in blends. Each snuff manufacturer usually has a variety of unique recipes and blends, as well as special recipes for individual customers.  Common flavours also include coffee, chocolate ,honey ,vanilla, cherry. apricot plum, campher,  cinnamon, rose and spearmint. ” Wikipedia Commons”

Christopher Columbus first came across the American Indians snuffing an unknown powder on his voyage in 1494 and brought quantities of the powder back to Europe. When examined this substance was proved to be close to what we now call snuff and became popular among the French and the Spanish and fashionable amongst aristocrats inclusive of Royalty, both Kings and Queens

Gradually the common man began to know the pleasures of snuff too and small mills were established across England in cities such as London, Sheffield and Manchester in order to supply the growing demand. Retailors also set up shops to deal with the demand for snuff and of course the highly sought after delightful little snuff boxes with which to store the snuff in.  Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries snuff production boomed, outstripping smoking tobacco or ( chewing tobacco). Everyone seemed to be taking snuff and was recommended by doctors as a general cure-all for the treatment of coughs, colds and headaches

Snuff boxes were made in a great variety of materials such as gold, silver. lapis lazuli, jade agate, tortoiseshell and horn ..The more wealthy the owner the more elaborate the box would be. It would be decorated with engravings or ornamented with the family crest . Some were decorated with precious stones such as diamonds, rubies, emeralds or pearls and if given as a present most likely it included a portrait within the box or an inscribed message from the giver .Below are a few illustrations of snuff boxes.

Papier Mache Snuff Box Late 18th century

Silver mounted Turtle Shell snuff box 18th century

This beautiful Wooden Shoe Snuff Box is superbly carved with flowers and hearts and was created in Wales

Meissen Gold mounted oval Snuff Box c 1750-60

Another beautifully carved Snuff Box 19th century made in Birmingham.

And last but not least The Snuff Taker

Picture of a man taking snuff using the thumb and forefinger as was the custom.











Posted by on February 28, 2019 in Uncategorized


via Ottoman edict allowing Lord Elgin to remove Parthenon Sculptures non existent say experts – The Archaeology News Network

Ottoman edict allowing Lord Elgin to remove Parthenon Sculptures non existent say experts – The Archaeology News Network

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Posted by on February 28, 2019 in Uncategorized



Everyone knows about this battle. Here it is told in great detail from The Deadliest blog. Please leave comments on his blog Thanks.

The Deadliest Blogger: Military History Page

There are times when a defeat can become a triumph. Just as the heroic death of the 300 Spartans at Thermopylae gave courage to the rest of Greece, so the last stand of a handful of brave Texians in a fortified Mission became a rallying cry for Texas independence: Remember the Alamo!

IN the predawn hours of March 6, 1836 the Mexican army of President and GeneralissimoAntonio López de Santa Anna stormed the battlements of the Alamo and slew the defending Texan garrison to a man.

This battle, though neither final or decisive, was the seminal moment in the Texas War of Independence. It bloodied the Mexican army and lent the Texans both a band of martyred heroes and an immortal rallying cry: “Remember the Alamo”!


Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna attempted to establish a benevolent dictatorship in Mexico in the 1430s. Originally a believer…

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Posted by on February 23, 2019 in Uncategorized


summer haiku d’été – a ginger cat = un chat gingembre

Canadian Zen Haiku canadien ISSN 1705-4508

summer haiku d’été – a ginger cat = un chat gingembrea ginger cat,surrogate motherto an injured crow

cat surrogate mother 620un chat gingembre,la mère porteused’un corbeau blesséRichard Vallance

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Posted by on February 22, 2019 in Uncategorized


Reconstructing Mycenaean scribes and archives… in Lego!

Reconstructing Mycenaean scribes and archives… in Lego!

Happy International Lego Classicism Day to all our friends and colleagues! In celebration this year, I have been working on something special: a re-imagining of the cover art from John Chadwick’s The Mycenaean World book, in a 3D Lego model. Far from a just-for-fun exercise, this actually has some helpful practical applications in making us question what Mycenaean scribes did at work, and how Linear B archives functioned.


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Posted by on February 20, 2019 in Uncategorized


spring haiku – la primavera = spring = le printemps

Canadian Zen Haiku canadien ISSN 1705-4508

spring haiku – la primavera = spring = le printempsla primaveragraces her Three Graces –Botticelli’s dream

Botticelli-primavera 620la primaverachérit ses trois Grâces  –Botticelli rêveRichard VallanceLa Primavera (late 1470s – early 1480s) is one of the masterpieces of the great painter, Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510).La Primavera ( peinture datée entre la fin des années 1470 et le début des années 1480 ) est un chef d’oeuvre du grand peintre, Sandro Botticelli ( 1445-1510 ).

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Posted by on February 18, 2019 in Uncategorized


The Bayeux Tapestry brilliantly explained from the beginning to the end

Source: The Bayeux Tapestry brilliantly explained from the beginning to the end

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Posted by on February 17, 2019 in Uncategorized


via Stunning Narcissus fresco uncovered at Pompeii – The Archaeology News Network

Stunning Narcissus fresco uncovered at Pompeii – The Archaeology News Network

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Posted by on February 17, 2019 in Uncategorized


On Falling in Love in Old Age


87 Plato Parmen. 137a and Ibykos fr. 287

“And I certainly seem to be experiencing the fate of Ibykos’ horse, a prize-winner who, even though old, was about to compete in the chariot race and was trembling because of experience at what was about to happen. Ibykos compared himself to him when he said that he too was old and was being compelled to move towards lust”

καίτοι δοκῶ μοι τὸ τοῦ Ἰβυκείου ἵππου πεπονθέναι ᾧ ἐκεῖνος ἀθλητῇ ὄντι καὶ πρεσβυτέρῳ ὑφ᾿ ἅρματι μέλλοντι ἀγωνιεῖσθαι καὶ δι᾿ ἐμπειρίαν τρέμοντι τὸ μέλλον ἑαυτὸν ἀπεικάζων ἄκων ἔφη καὶ αὐτὸς οὕτω πρεσβευτὴς ὢν εἰς τὸν ἔρωτα ἀναγκάζεσθαι ἰέναι.

schol. ad loc. 

[Scholiast] Here is the saying of Ibykos the lyric poet:

τὸ τοῦ μελοποιοῦ Ἰβύκου ῥητόν·

“Love again, gazing up from under dark lashes,
Throws me down with every kind of spell
Into the Cyprian’s endless nets.
In truth, I tremble at…

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Posted by on February 15, 2019 in Uncategorized


The Best Love Poem Ever Written (Perhaps)


Sappho, fr. 16

Some say a force of horsemen, some say infantry
and others say a fleet of ships is the loveliest
thing on the dark earth, but I say it is
the one you love

It is altogether simple to make this understood
since she whose beauty outmatched all,
Helen, left her husband
a most noble man

And went sailing to Troy
Without a thought for her child and dear parents
[Love] made her completely insane
And led her astray

This reminds me of absent Anactoria

I would rather watch her lovely walk
and see the shining light of her face
than Lydian chariots followed by
infantrymen in arms

Οἰ μὲν ἰππήων στρότον, οἰ δὲ πέσδων,
οἰ δὲ νάων φαῖσ’ ἐπὶ γᾶν μέλαιναν
ἔμμεναι κάλλιστον, ἐγὼ δὲ κῆν’ ὄτ-
τω τις ἔραται

πά]γχυ δ’ εὔμαρες σύνετον πόησαι
πά]ντι τ[οῦ]τ’· ἀ γὰρ πολὺ περσκέθοισα
κά]λλος ἀνθρώπων Ἐλένα [τὸ]ν ἄνδρα

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Posted by on February 14, 2019 in Uncategorized

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