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Some history of Mycenae

18 May

The archaeological site of Mycenae is one of the most important sites in the region of the North East Peloponnese in Greece. It is renowned for it’s technical and artistic achievements which were popular throughout the Mediterranean world during the Bronze Age. The palatial administration system,the architecture and artifacts produced, are the testimonies preserved in the Linear B tablets which give us an insight of the Mycenaean culture.

Above is an example of the Mycenaean Linear B writing. It records 60 rams,270 ewes and 49 bulls plus 130 cows, 17 pigs, 41 sows plus 2 more bulls and 4 cows. all tended by the shepherd.

Apart from pottery,other objects found on the ancient site of Mycenae, are ivory carvings,many golden ornaments, bronze weapons,jewelry and house artifacts, such as cups. Many of these were found in shaft graves, such as the golden mask of Agamemnon which is believed to be the death mask of Agamemnon.

In this post it is the beautiful artifacts which have been found at Mycenae I am going to write about. But first a little bit about the craftsmen.

The craftsmen of the Early Mycenaean period attempted to imitate the Cretan art of the Minoans, for their elegant products. It is thought that the craftsmen may have been students in the Cretan workshops,it is also likely that Minoan artists moved to centers of the Greek mainland to carry out their work.

During the prosperity phase of the Mycenaean palaces, the arts, especially the fine arts were under the protection of the central power. The art workshops were now situated in special areas of the palaces where the products were on demand from the kings. At this stage both ivory and seal carving was introduced to the Greek mainland as well as internal wall paintings

Carved Ivory Pyxis from Chamber tomb.

The most significant Mycenaean achievement was the invention of the new writing system we know as Linear B where the decipherment of this writing verified that the official language of the Mycenaean palaces was the Greek language.The Mycenaean texts are of purely record keeping.

Warriors head made of Ivory From chamber tomb 27
The Gold mask of Agamemnon

Reconstruction of Ancient Mycenae

Mycenaean Warrior Vase
Mycenaean Dagger Blades.
Gold Scales from Mycenae.
Gold Headdress or Crown.
Gold cup from Mycenae.

 
2 Comments

Posted by on May 18, 2021 in Uncategorized

 

2 responses to “Some history of Mycenae

  1. dorannrule

    May 24, 2021 at 3:51 pm

    Your post has left me in awe of the artistic talent in ancient Greece.

    Like

     
  2. ritaroberts

    May 25, 2021 at 11:18 am

    Thank you for nice comment Dora.

    Like

     

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