The Most Complete Ancient Discovery.

Archaeologists have recently discovered the most complete ancient crossbow to date in the terracotta army pit in Xi’an, Shaanxi province. Among hundreds of pieces of crossbows unearthed in the past, this one is said to be the best preserved in general, with 145 cm arch and 130 cm bow string. The bow string has a smooth surface which experts believe to be made of animal tendon instead of fabric and the trigger mechanism is made of bronze, according to Shen  Maosheng, head of the archaeological team.

Crossbow Terracotta Army

The-Terracotta-Warriors 2

Shen also points out that this new discovery sheds light on how Qing, two wooden sticks usually discovered alongside the weapon, were used to maintain and transport the crossbows in ancient times. Although ancient documents often mention Qing, its function had never been clearly identified until this recent discovery

When the sticks were dusted off three holes were found equidistant from each other, and it was concluded that they were probably used to hang up ropes that were fastened to the crossbows when they were not in use. It was a great way to keep the arch and string in shape and thus maintaining their power in the long run, “Shen said. Besides, Qing was practical to help fix the crossbows during transportation.” .

The best crossbows ‘ shooting range could double that of an AK 47, reaching almost 8oo m, Yuan Zhongyi  former curator of Museum of Qin Terra -cotta Warriors explained.

Terra-cotta Army with crossbow in view

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Posted by on March 25, 2015 in Uncategorized


New Recipe For 19th Century Shipwrecked Beer


For those of you who are Beer drinkers I thought this post would be of interest. It’s certainly fascinating. !!

Originally posted on Ancientfoods:

Scientists have scrutinized the contents of four bottles of beer found in a Baltic Sea shipwreck from the 1840s, an amber ale that perhaps was brewed in Belgium and was on its way to ports in Russia or Scandinavia.

The new analysis found that bacteria inside the beer bottles survived 170 years until it was discovered by divers in 2010, according to Brian Gibson, senior scientist at the VTT Technical Research Centre in Espoo, Finland.

“These bacteria were still alive,” Gibson said. The analysis “gave us some insight into the way that beers were brewed. We have a reasonably good idea about what kind of hops were used, different ones than today. These hops would have been harsher, these days they are quite mild. The one surprising thing is the beers were quite mild. The original alcohol level was 4.5 percent, nothing extreme.”

Gibson and colleagues at the…

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Posted by on March 20, 2015 in Uncategorized


The top ten historical forensic facial reconstructions | Culture24

The top ten historical forensic facial reconstructions | Culture24.


Posted by on March 17, 2015 in Uncategorized


An Archaeologist’s Thoroughly Researched Translation of Pylos Tablet 64l-1952 (Ventris)

Burnt from Legs up Pylos 64l Ventris Correction

This Minoan Linear B Tablet PY 64l is by far the most difficult one I have had to translate. It was the first ever Linear B tablet which Michael  Ventris  deciphered in 1952.

I was in my teen years then and knew nothing of his great achievement and in fact nothing about the Linear B Ancient script writings whatsoever.

I am aware that many scholars have translated this tablet such as the archaeologist Carl Blegan, and also Prof. John Chadwick, who assigned the first range of standard values to ideograms for the vessels on Linear B tablet 64l. Ref: Chadwick, John .The Decipherment of Linear B ( 2nd edition) London: Cambridge University Press 1970. ISBN 117


Aigeus a worker is making tripods of the Cretan style.

Tripod Cooking pot fro Knossos. Courtesy The Ashmolean Museum  Tripod Cooking pot from Knossos.

There are 2 tripods with three legs and two handles

l Tripod with a single handle on one foot..

l Tripod with the legs burnt from the legs up.

3 Big pots with two handles,

2 Big pots with three handles,

l Smaller pot with four handles

l Small type of cup/goblet with three handles

l Small type of cup/goblet without handles

NOTE:-  Please go to my Linear B  Teacher;s blog to see more of my work and conclusion of this Tablet. Also  comments with my results 98% from my teacher Richard Vallance.



Posted by on March 13, 2015 in Uncategorized


Unique Olmec jadeite corncob found in Mexico

Unique Olmec jadeite corncob found in Mexico.

This is truly a unique discovery.

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Posted by on March 10, 2015 in Uncategorized


The Prince of Lilies (Sonnet) Knossos Fresco 1500 BCE

The Prince of Lilies (Sonnet) Knossos Fresco 1500 BCE.

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Posted by on March 9, 2015 in Uncategorized


The Archaeology News Network: Honduras expedition discovers untouched ruins

The Archaeology News Network: Honduras expedition discovers untouched ruins.


Posted by on March 5, 2015 in Uncategorized


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