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3 Linear B tablets on coriander, 1 from Knossos, 1 from Lykinthos, 1 from Surimos

3 Linear B tablets on coriander, 1 from Knossos, 1 from Lykinthos, 1 from Surimos: These 3 tablets on coriander are the final 3 to be posted here. I actually posted them back in 2015, but I am repo…

Source: 3 Linear B tablets on coriander, 1 from Knossos, 1 from Lykinthos, 1 from Surimos

An interesting Linear B Tablet translation from Richard Vallance.

 
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Posted by on May 24, 2016 in Uncategorized

 

Romans used non-stick cookware 2,000 years ago

Original Article: By SARAH GRIFFITHS dailymail.co.uk   the Romans used non-stick cookware 2,000 years ago: ‘Cumanae testae’ has slippery coating to stop stews sticking Fragments of…

Source: Romans used non-stick cookware 2,000 years ago

 
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Posted by on May 19, 2016 in Uncategorized

 

Legend and Lore continued (History of the Rose )

The rose, cultivated for well over 3,000 years and known from time immemorial as the queen of the flowers, is thought to have originated in Asia Minor. The genus name Rosa is derived from the Greek word rodon , meaning ‘red’. The ancient Persians, Egyptians, Greeks and Romans used the rose not only as a garden ornamental but also as the main ingredient in various perfumes and cosmetics. In Greece and Rome, the rose was the favourite flower of  the goddess of the flowers, the Greek chloris and her Roman counterpart Flora. In festivals for these goddesses, the people bedecked themselves and their animals  with flowers, using mostly roses. At Roman banquets roses were used lavishly for decoration and were even strewn on the floor. At the same banquets, the diners often wore rose garlands as a preventative against drunkenness.

In Greek myth, Chloris was said to have created the rose from the dead body of a beautiful nymph that she came upon in the woods. Chloris called on the other gods to help her transform the nymph ‘s body into a flower that would surpass all others in beauty. Aphrodite bestowed upon it beauty; the three graces –  Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia donated their respective qualities of brilliance,, joy, and youthful bloom; Dionysus gave it nector and fragrance .When the flower was finished and its perfection was apparent  to all, Chloris crowned it with a diadem of dewdrops proclaiming it the queen of flowers.

Aphrodite

Aphrodite.

Probably the most frequently used flower  in all literature, the beautiful rose with its forbidding thorns has been an  arresting symbol for writers through the ages. The roses perfect blossom  is associated with love, beauty, youth, perfection and even immortality ; its thorns with the  pains of love and guilt ; its withering blossom  with the ephemeral nature of beauty and youth .According to Christian legend, the rose grew in the Garden of Eden  without thorns, but after the fall, thorns sprouted to remind man of his sinful and imperfect nature.

Roses of different colours often have special connotations  the pink rose represents simplicity or happy love; the white rose stands for purity and innocence, often being associated with the Virgin Mary; the yellow rose means perfect achievement , and sometimes jealousy; and the red rose signifies passion and sensual desire, shame and occasionally  blood and sacrifice. Many legends  purport to explain how the red rose acquired its colour. Assuming the rose was originally white, the Greeks held that it became red from the blood of Aphrodite, who had pricked her foot on a thorn while trying to aid her beloved, dying Adonis. The Turks claim that the white rose was stained red by the blood of Mohammed , while Christian legend has the red rose resulting from the blood of martyrs.From the time of the ancient Egyptians the rose has been the token of silence. The Greeks gave it this meaning in a legend in which cupid bribes Harpocrates, the god of silence, with a rose to induce him to conceal the amorous affairs of his mother, Aphrodite.

Greek God of Silence

Greek god of Silence.

Pink Rose

Pink for simplicity or Happy Love.

White Rose

White means Purity and Innocence.

Yellow Rose

Yellow for Perfect Achievement.

Red Rose

And the beautiful Red rose. Passion and Sensual Desire

For Teutonic peoples , the rose was the flower of the northern goddess of love, Freyja , who was known for her ability to keep secrets. The expression  sub rosa ‘ literally ” under the rose”, means that a matter is to be kept in strict confidence. It stems from an old custom of attaching a rose to the ceiling ( or having one sculptured there ) to remind revelers that anyting said under the influence of wine was not to be repeated to others afterwards.

The rose has also been a popular heraldic flower for soldiers’ shields since roman times. The most famouse example is that of the English rose which came out of  The War of the Roses (1455-1485 ) in which the  House of York with the white rose as its heraldic  emblem fought the House of Lancaster, whose symbol was the red rose. At the wars end the two houses were joined by the marriage of Henry V11 of Lancaster to Elizabeth of York. Henry became the first Tudor  king, his symbol being a red and white Tudor rose, which is now the national flower of England.

King Hnery V11 Portrait Bust        Elizabeth of Yoek

 

King Henry V11 of Lancaster and Elizabeth of York.

 

 
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Posted by on May 8, 2016 in Uncategorized

 

Archaeology and Science (illustrations) No, 10 (2014) Post 2 of 2

Archaeology and Science (illustrations) No, 10 (2014) Post 2 of 2 This is the annual serial, Archaeology and Science No, 10 (2014), in which my article, “An Archaeologist’s Translation of Pylos Tab…

Source: Archaeology and Science (illustrations) No, 10 (2014) Post 2 of 2

My teacher Richard Vallance and myself are very honoured to be included in this superb book.

Would my fellow bloggers who are following my progress in the Mycenaean Linear B Scripts please also leave a comment on Richards blog

Thank you for following.

 
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Posted by on May 4, 2016 in Uncategorized

 

Archaeology and Science (illustrations) No, 10 (2014) Post 1 of 2

Archaeology and Science (illustrations) No, 10 (2014) Post 1 of 2 This is the annual serial, Archaeology and Science No, 10 (2014), in which my article, “An Archaeologist’s Translation of Pylos Tab…

Source: Archaeology and Science (illustrations) No, 10 (2014) Post 1 of 2

 
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Posted by on May 4, 2016 in Uncategorized

 

Linear B tablet KN 755 A e 01, The 14 Temple Door Guards

Linear B tablet KN 755 A e 01, The 14 Temple Door Guards: The Mycenaean Linear B word turateu is very similar to the ancient Greek word. It is clear (at least to me) that such door guards, in this …

Source: Linear B tablet KN 755 A e 01, The 14 Temple Door Guards

 
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Posted by on May 4, 2016 in Uncategorized

 

Translation of Pylos tablet TN 996, the famous “bathtub” tablet

Translation of Pylos tablet TN 996, the famous “bathtub” tablet: This was a rather difficult tablet to translate, for several reasons: 1. It is difficult to ascertain whether or not the first word …

Source: Translation of Pylos tablet TN 996, the famous “bathtub” tablet

 
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Posted by on May 3, 2016 in Uncategorized

 
 
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