Teaching Ancient Civilisations

Source: Teaching Ancient Civilisations

This is a re-blog from Luciana Cavallaro..Luciana takes you through all periods of ancient times. A must read, especially for teachers whose pupils will be enthralled.

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Posted by on May 20, 2017 in Uncategorized




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Posted by on May 16, 2017 in Uncategorized


NEWS: Cachette of 17 mummies unearthed in Egypt’s El-Minya

Source: NEWS: Cachette of 17 mummies unearthed in Egypt’s El-Minya

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Posted by on May 14, 2017 in Uncategorized


How One Englishman’s ‘Grand Tour’ Helped Crack the Hieroglyphic Code

via How One Englishman’s ‘Grand Tour’ Helped Crack the Hieroglyphic Code

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Posted by on May 12, 2017 in Uncategorized


Faking the stuff of elephant tusks.

via Faking the stuff of elephant tusks

Some time ago i made a comment on this very subject. I am not  sure whether it  was my answer to a newspaper report or on twitter.  My comment went something like the  following. Is there any other material which could be used that looked and felt like ivory, for artists to create their carved work as they do on real ivory, which in turn would hopefully stop all this illegal poaching and the suffering of these poor elephants.

Now someone is at last working on this very same subject.

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Posted by on May 11, 2017 in Uncategorized


The Passage of Jupiter.

The ancient   Babylonians could predict the passage of Jupiter  through the night sky, which they recorded on cuneiform  tablets – more than 14 centuries before such techniques  were seen  in Europe.

The discovery was made by Mathieu Ossendrijver of  Humboldt  University in Berlin , who studied five cuneiform tablets that date back to  between 350 and 50 BC, recovered during  19th century excavations near the main temple Esagila in Babylon, and now held by the British Museum in London.

The tablets record calculations for the time and velocity of the planet’s journey over 60 days. Four describe an area covered over a certain period of time as a trapezoid, but the figures could not be connected to a named planet. However, when  Ossendrijver examined the fifth, previously unstudied, tablet he noticed it specifically mentions Jupiter and that the figures matched those on the other four tablets.

Though contemporary, Greeks and Egyptians had mastered astronomy, this particular geometrical method is new, as Ossendrijver explained. The motion of a planet from day to day is generally computed from its velocity ( which is the distance covered per day) but, uniquely on these tablets, the total distance covered in a certain period of time(60 days) is computed from the area under the trapezoid figure obtained by drawing velocity against time.

This approach will appear strikingly familiar to students of physics and mathematics today, as it anticipates  modern integral calculus  that can be traced to a group of 14th century scholars at Oxford( who called it the( Mertonian  mean speed theorem ), and the French bishop scholastic philosopher Nicholas Oresme, who came up with a similar method.

Ossendrijver tells us that it is quite possible that this method was also used for other planets. However, Jupiter was of special significance in the city of Babylon, it was the astral manifestation  of Marduk ( Bel ), the Babylonian supreme god, and the astronomers in Babylon who wrote these tablets were most likely employed by the temple.

Babylonian Cuneiform Tablet.

Left – Cuneiform tablet with calculation’s that involved a trapezoid      Right – The distance travelled by Jupiter after  60 days 10  45′, is

computed as the area of the trapezoid. The trapezoid is then

divided into two smaller ones in order to find the time (tc) in which

Jupiter covers half the distance.

Courtesy:  The British Museum London.






Posted by on May 10, 2017 in Uncategorized


Found:Pages from one of the first books printed in England.

via Found: Pages from one of the first books printed in England

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Posted by on May 10, 2017 in Uncategorized

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