spring haiku – la primavera = spring = le printempsla primaveragraces her Three Graces –Botticelli’s dream la primaverachérit ses trois Grâces –Botticelli rêveRichard VallanceLa Primavera (late 1470s – early 1480s) is one of the masterpieces of the great painter, Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510).La Primavera ( peinture datée entre la fin des années 1470 et le début des années 1480 ) est un chef d’oeuvre du grand peintre, Sandro Botticelli ( 1445-1510 ).
Author Archives: ritaroberts
87 Plato Parmen. 137a and Ibykos fr. 287
“And I certainly seem to be experiencing the fate of Ibykos’ horse, a prize-winner who, even though old, was about to compete in the chariot race and was trembling because of experience at what was about to happen. Ibykos compared himself to him when he said that he too was old and was being compelled to move towards lust”
καίτοι δοκῶ μοι τὸ τοῦ Ἰβυκείου ἵππου πεπονθέναι ᾧ ἐκεῖνος ἀθλητῇ ὄντι καὶ πρεσβυτέρῳ ὑφ᾿ ἅρματι μέλλοντι ἀγωνιεῖσθαι καὶ δι᾿ ἐμπειρίαν τρέμοντι τὸ μέλλον ἑαυτὸν ἀπεικάζων ἄκων ἔφη καὶ αὐτὸς οὕτω πρεσβευτὴς ὢν εἰς τὸν ἔρωτα ἀναγκάζεσθαι ἰέναι.
schol. ad loc.
[Scholiast] Here is the saying of Ibykos the lyric poet:
τὸ τοῦ μελοποιοῦ Ἰβύκου ῥητόν·
“Love again, gazing up from under dark lashes,
Throws me down with every kind of spell
Into the Cyprian’s endless nets.
In truth, I tremble at…
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Sappho, fr. 16
Some say a force of horsemen, some say infantry
and others say a fleet of ships is the loveliest
thing on the dark earth, but I say it is
the one you love
It is altogether simple to make this understood
since she whose beauty outmatched all,
Helen, left her husband
a most noble man
And went sailing to Troy
Without a thought for her child and dear parents
[Love] made her completely insane
And led her astray
This reminds me of absent Anactoria
I would rather watch her lovely walk
and see the shining light of her face
than Lydian chariots followed by
infantrymen in arms
Οἰ μὲν ἰππήων στρότον, οἰ δὲ πέσδων,
οἰ δὲ νάων φαῖσ’ ἐπὶ γᾶν μέλαιναν
ἔμμεναι κάλλιστον, ἐγὼ δὲ κῆν’ ὄτ-
τω τις ἔραται
πά]γχυ δ’ εὔμαρες σύνετον πόησαι
πά]ντι τ[οῦ]τ’· ἀ γὰρ πολὺ περσκέθοισα
κά]λλος ἀνθρώπων Ἐλένα [τὸ]ν ἄνδρα
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Chairs became the most usual form of seating comparatively recently. Couches, benches and above all, stools were far more common until the 17th century. Chairs existed from earliest times, but they were reserved for heads of households, for the sovereign and for important dignitaries.
However, I am not including chairs in this post . It is all about stools and if you scroll down to see all of the examples maybe you would like to let me know which is your favourite . My favourite is the very first early Joint Stool c 1600.
Very early stools were often three- legged – the legs were driven into holes in the round or triangular seats and were almost always made of oak. Folding stools of the X shape popular since ancient Egyptian days, were made as well as footstools, either of oak or walnut, apparently made their appearance in the 16th century. It seems that the greatest number of early stools to be found nowadays are the sturdy oak joined stools. These were often made in sets and would have been stored sideways, seats outermost under the framed dining tables with which they were used
Early Joint Stool c 1600.
There were many more luxurious stools made of walnut and gilded or painted and upholstered to match sets of chairs It is likely that many of these stools were thrown away when the upholstery wore out, or that the walnut or beech framework were the victims of woodworm, which is why nearly all surviving 17th century ( and earlier) furniture is of the more durable oak..
From the Restoration period and before Charles 1’s time, furniture included many stools and footstools upholstered to match the chairs which they nearly always outnumbered. Stools had rich carvings and were upholstered with, velvet, Turkey – work, braids, fringes silk, wool or metal threads around the edge.
The 18th century brought still more comfort in the form of upholstery and needlework coverings for chairs and the stool began to lose its place as a major item of seating furniture, as winged chairs, settees and daybeds began to appear. However, during the transitional period up to about 1730, stools continued to be made for drawing – room use. They were generally made of walnut, for mahogany had not yet become widely used for furniture – making, but gilded and japanned examples are occasionally to be found. Many of these were originally made in sets, matching chairs and settees .Later in the 18th century window stools with curved ends began to feature in the interior design. These were wider that the earlier stools and were often decorated only on the fronts, the back-rails and legs receiving little attention.
18th Century upholstered stool
In the Adam period window seats had three legs in front and only two at the back. Exotic Grecian and Egyptian style stools were included in Thomas Hope’s rich interior designs and much Regency furniture was being made such as X shaped stools and music stools made of mahogany with brass inlays. The Victorians by contrast, used stools in far more cluttered informal arrangements, but on the whole they did not sit on them except at the piano. The also used footstools in profusion. These were round, oval rectangular or square and covered in, velvet, beads or Berlin wool-work and had elaborate braids or tassled fringes.
Regency X shaped stool c 1810
Victorian Mahogany Window seat.
Victorian Rosewood Window Seat
Victorian Footstool Hand Embroidered.