Author Archives: ritaroberts

About ritaroberts

I am a retired archaeologist. I have worked on Minoan pottery in Crete. I have also worked on Roman and Medieval pottery in England. I enjoy Archaeology and History, also Geology and collecting fossils .I am now studying the Minoan/Mycenaean scripts writings.



Faith and History

This nearly exact replica of the original Mayflower is permanently docked in Plymouth Harbor, not far from where the original vessel first dropped anchor in December 1621. This nearly exact replica of the original Mayflower is permanently docked in Plymouth Harbor, not far from where the original vessel first dropped anchor in December 1621.

Although the legendary “voyage of the Mayflower” is now enshrined in national lore, we actually don’t know much about it. William Bradford summarized the voyage in a couple of pages in his History of Plymouth Plantation, and almost everything we know about it comes from that brief account. We do know that the voyage of the Mayflower began as the voyage of the Mayflower and the Speedwell. Whereas the 180-ton Mayflower had been chartered by the London merchants who were financing the Pilgrims’ undertaking, the 60-ton Speedwell actually belonged to the Pilgrims, who had purchased it with an eye to using it for a fishing boat once they had relocated to America.

On August 5, 1620 the Speedwell and Mayflower

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Posted by on November 30, 2020 in Uncategorized


Socializing at the Symposium


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November/December 2020c(Angelafoto/Getty Images)

Symposium painting, Tomb of the Diver, Paestum, ItalyAlcohol Greece Kylix Skyphos(American School of Classical Studies at Athens: Agora Excavations)

Kylix (top), Skyphos (above)Ancient Greek vasesfrequently depict the revels of men participating in the symposium, an intimate drinking party held in a private home, as well as the consequences of excessive consumption that may have occurred during such gatherings. But just how much wine, mixed with water in a bowl called a krater, would a group have consumed in the course of a typical symposium in early fifth-century B.C. Athens? To answer this question, archaeologist Kathleen Lynch of the University of Cincinnati and independent scholar Richard Bidgood calculated the capacity of serving vessels and drinking cups, including kylikes and skyphoi, excavated from early fifth-century B.C. houses in the Athenian Agora, the city’s main marketplace. Assuming each kylix was filled to…

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Posted by on November 29, 2020 in Uncategorized


A Door Out of Place?

A Door Out of Place?

An Evolving Life

The Greek town of Nafplio’s architecture generally reflects its historic significance as the modern Greek nation-state’s first capital in the early 19th century. Many of the buildings in the old town are neo-classical like the door I’ve shown in two previous posts: Door at Number 13 and Update on Door at Number 13. But, one door at a bank (trapeza or τράπεζα) in the old section of town, just off the main square, defies convention.

It struck me as a door strikingly out of place. So much so, I had to take this photo just to record it. Because it is so different from the other architecture around it, it your eye naturally gravitates to it.

The main feature is the flanking red columns. They taper down from their capitals, an exaggeration of the columns found at the Bronze Age palace of Knossos on Crete. Although, most of…

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Posted by on November 20, 2020 in Uncategorized


Göbekli Tepe, Mother of Myths?

This is one of my Favourite archaeological sites and I am reading a book about it right now. FASCINATING !

AM:AMs Photoblogg

In February and March 2010 I visited Syria and Turkey as a part of a course in comparative religious studies at the University of Agder. We visited some of the western-worlds oldest religious places related to Judaism, Christianity, Islam and and other ancient holy sites. But none of the previous or later experiences, beeing it staying a few days living a monastic life at the Monastary of Deir Mar Musa Al Habashi, watching the pilgrims at the Tomb of Thecla in Ma’aloula or standing in Gods Feet at the mystic ancient cite of Ain Dara, came close to the ambiance and spiritual feeling you got at top of “Pot Belly Hill”, which is the translation of Gobekli Tepe from Turkish to English. I had never even heard of it before, and we sort of just “stopped by” between visits to the ancient cities of Ur and Harran. I…

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Posted by on November 18, 2020 in Uncategorized


Animals and Injustice: Exploring The Motif of the Faithful Hound

Under the influence!

Gelert – en:Charles Burton Barber – Public Domain

Motif of the Faithful Hound

In the study of folktales and folklore there is a classification system known as the Aarne–Thompson–Uther Index (ATU Index) which catalogues folktale types. It is not a perfect system and not not all folklorists recognise it but it can provide some useful insights. Presented here is a discussion of the folkloric motif of The Faithful Hound, classified as Aarne–Thompson-Uther type 178A, that is found in a number of folktales from many different parts of the world.

In this work we will briefly discuss human relationships with animals followed by a look at the main structure of the tale tale type of The Faithful Hound. Three examples of such tales from different countries will be retold before concluding with a few reflections that may offer a deeper insight into the story.

Animal Helpers

Animals have always…

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Posted by on November 13, 2020 in Uncategorized


Comfort Classics: Anna P. Judson

Comfort Classics: Anna P. Judson

Classical Studies Support

The world is in a state of upheaval at the moment, and we’re all looking for things to make us feel less anxious. Maybe Classics can help.

Today’s interview is with Anna P. Judson

Is there a source from the ancient world that you find yourself coming back to when you want to feel better?

This Linear B clay tablet from the Mycenaean palace of Pylos, with a drawing of a labyrinth on the back.

When did you first come across this tablet?

I must have first seen a picture of it sometime during my MPhil degree in 2011-12, when I started learning to read Linear B and spent a lot of time practicing on drawings and photographs of tablets. Later on I was able to see the real thing on a study visit to Greece – it’s on display in the National Archaeological…

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Posted by on November 10, 2020 in Uncategorized


Major Mayan Gods and Goddesses You Should Know About

Source: Major Mayan Gods and Goddesses You Should Know About

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Posted by on November 1, 2020 in Uncategorized


Despite What You’ve Been Told, Cows Can Save The World – Brian Sanders

low carb for life

Film maker Brian Sanders, the man behind the feature length documentary ‘Food Lies’ and host of the Peak Human podcast looks at the history of our dietary guidelines, the epidemic of chronic disease and obesity that followed, what the new science is telling us humans should actually be eating, and how to eat that food sustainably.

The following talk offers compelling reasons why correctly reared animals could offer a far better solution to climate change and how mono-cropping is destructive to both wildlife and the health of the soil. He also reveals that our current diet consisting of grains, seed oils and sugar has only been a staple food for just 0.1% of human history compared to millennia of eating mostly animal foods. With the rise of plant-based proteins in the form of soy products, Beyond and Impossible burgers he explains that compared to grass fed beef, the figures on…

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Posted by on October 21, 2020 in Uncategorized


Battle of Thermopylae: 10 Things You Should Know

Source: Battle of Thermopylae: 10 Things You Should Know

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Posted by on October 19, 2020 in Uncategorized


Mysteries of the 2,500-year-old butter found at the bottom of a loch


It fell to the bottom of a loch 2,500 years ago – its story long untold as it remained hidden by the deep, dark waters.
Original article:

Monday, 20th July 2020, 5:00 pm

Monday, 20th July 2020, 4:58 pm


The replica crannog on Loch Tay, where the butter was found.

Now, the wooden butter dish remains one of the most evocative items left behind by Scotland’s ancient water dwellers who made their homes on Loch Tay.

The dish was recovered during earlier excavations on the loch where at least 17 crannogs, or Iron Age wooden houses, were once dotted up and down the water.

Built from alder with a life span of around 20 years, the structures simply collapsed into the loch once they had served their purpose, with an incredible array of objects taken with them.

The 2,500-year-old butter dish and the remains of the butter. PIC: Scottish Crannog Centre.

The 2,500-year-old butter dish and the remains of the butter. PIC:…

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Posted by on October 9, 2020 in Uncategorized

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